2. Research Proposal : 100 points (( This paper will be written in pairs bu

2. Research Proposal : 100 points (( This paper will
be written in pairs but graded individually)
The purpose of this assignment is to give students the opportunity
to demonstrate their ability to critically analyze published empirical social
work research (quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods) and develop a
proposal for research. All components of
this research proposal should be typed, double-spaced, and include a cover page
in APA format. The primary components of this assignment are:
1)
Introduction
2)
Literature Review
3)
Methods
Your
research proposal should be written in APA format and should address or answer
the relevant questions outlined below under each heading. You should use these headings to structure
your proposal.
Title Page
Running head
Page number and heading
Title, author, institution
Introduction and
Problem Statement
Your
first sentence of your introduction should identify the research problem. This sentence or two should address why the
research is important and what you are hoping to accomplish. What is the problem under investigation? Make
sure to have literature support.
Next,
your goal is to convince the reviewers that the general problem area is a good
one to study. This is accomplished by
outlining the significance of the proposed study in three specific areas: (a) its
practical significance, (b) its theoretical significance, and (c) its social
policy significance. The degree to which
you emphasize these areas will depend upon your audience but for the purpose of
this assignment, address all three areas. In sum, this section describes what
is going to be studied and why it should be studied. Make sure to have
literature support. For specific guidance please read chapters 5 & 6 in
your textbook and closely follow the instructions given (Creswell & Creswell).
(Anticipated)
Implications
This is where you will address the potential
impact your study will have on society and the profession including how the
results may be used. You may also
discuss the ramifications of failing to study the problem (would things change,
stay the same), and why would that be a “problem?”
End with the problem statement following the
textbook example (Creswell & Creswell).
Literature Review
Start
the section with an introductory paragraph. Then, in the first section,
identify the theory that will guide your study and explain it adequately
following the instruction given in the textbook (Creswell & Creswell). In
the second section, define the main terms of your study. In the third section,
review the empirical research that has been conducted on the topic. Your review
of the literature should only include the most recent or relevant articles
(usually within past 10 years unless a seminal study being cited). Through the use of previous research, you
should develop the general background of the research problem and identify
research gaps to show how your study can further research in the field. Please use one of the literature review
models outlined in your text (Creswell) and include a literature map as a
supplement. A minimum of ten peer
reviewed articles is expected.
Ethical Considerations
Be
sure that your proposal includes an explanation of the ethical considerations
that are applicable in your proposed study.
Follow the textbook’s guidance (Creswell & Creswell).
in identifying the ethical issues that may be
pertinent.
Research Question and Hypotheses
Conclude
this portion of your proposal with a justification of the purpose of your new
study based on the literature review.
Identify your research question and hypotheses if the design you have
selected is quantitative. For qualitative studies identify the research
questions. For more information on how
to develop research questions, please read chapter 7 in Creswell’s
textbook.
Methods
First, you will decide the most appropriate design for your
study (quantitative, qualitative or mixed design). Then choose one of the
following formats for your Methods’ section
Quantitative
Research Design Outline Format:
Research Question
What
is your research question?
What
is your hypothesis? What are the variables? Operationalize the variables in
your hypothesis and explain how they will be measured.
Research Design
Identify
the type of quantitative design you would employ to conduct your research and
answer the proposed research questions/hypotheses.
Strengths/Limitations
This
section identifies the potential limitations and/or strengths of design chosen
and ways you plan on addressing those limitations. For example, how will you address potential
threats to internal/external validity?
Who are your Participants?
This
section outlines a detailed description of who will be studied.
Who are your participants going to be (what is the
gender, age, education, race, etc.)?
How many participants are you going to have?
How are you going to recruit them (sampling
strategy)?
How are you going to assign them to groups, if
applicable?
How are you going to compensate them?
What criteria will you use for participation in your
study?
How will the participants be protected? Include the
IRB process.
Data Collection and Instrument
In
this section identify in detail how the data are going to be collected. Additionally, be sure to discuss ethical
issues involved in data collection and how they will be resolved.
·
What behavior/opinions/attitudes are you going
to measure and how often will it/they be measured?
·
What tools will be used to measure the
behavior/opinion/attitudes? How will you
secure instrument validity and reliability?
·
How will the data be recorded?
·
What instructions will the participants receive?
·
Who will give the instructions? Describe the
tools.
·
Who will be present when the behavior is
measured?
·
Where will the study take place?
Data Analysis
This
section specifies exactly what statistical test(s) will be used to answer the
research questions/hypotheses.
How will the data be summarized; what descriptive
statistics will you use?
What inferential statistics will you use?
What will the significance level be?
Qualitative Research Design Outline
Format:
Research Question
What
is your research question? What are the main concepts/domains of your study?
Research Design
Identify
the type of qualitative design you would employ to conduct your research and
answer the proposed research questions.
The textbook may be of help (Creswell).
Strengths/Limitations of the Research
Design
This
section identifies the potential limitations and/or strengths of design chosen
and ways you plan on addressing those limitations. For example, how will you address potential
threats to trustworthiness?
Participants
This
section outlines a detailed description of who will be studied.
Who are your participants going to be (what is the
gender, age, education, race, etc.)?
How many participants are you going to have?
How are you going to recruit them (sampling
strategy)?
How are you going to assign them to groups, if
applicable?
How are you going to compensate them?
What criteria will you use for participation in your
study?
Data Collection
In
this section identify in detail how the data are going to be collected. Additionally, be sure to discuss ethical
issues involved in data collection and how they will be resolved.
·
How will you collect your data (interview, focus
group, observations, etc.)
·
What tools will be used to collect data? Briefly
describe the instrument(s) you intend to use/create.
·
How will the data be recorded?
·
What instructions will the participants receive?
·
Who will give the instructions?
·
Where will the study take place?
Data Analysis
This
section specifies what data analysis methods will be used to answer the
research questions/hypotheses.
·
How will you prepare your data for analysis?
·
How will you make sense out of your data? (data
analysis and interpretation)
·
What
methods will you use to check for validity and reliability?
References
This is your reference list of literature
cited in the proposal.