HOMEWORK 2: Envisioning Sustainable Cities Due: See the Canvas Menu OVERVIEW Th

HOMEWORK 2: Envisioning Sustainable Cities
Due: See the Canvas Menu
This assignment builds on personal views of what makes places sustainable, especially going beyond just the traditional Brundtland definition, and seeing real-world connections and thinking within a trans-disciplinary context. The environment that you grew up in and the experiences in your life up to this point have shaped and molded your view of sustainability as it relates to cities and the built environment. As you ponder and answer the questions below, ask yourself what role do your values play in perceiving sustainability, and what factors, if any, motivate you to develop or continue a green lifestyle. Think about the various dimensions of sustainability and the geographical scales in which it operates – from households to neighborhoods, places, cities, and regions.
If you are asked to answer ‘What is a sustainable city like?’, HOW WOULD YOU DESCRIBE IT? Do you think the city/neighborhood you have grown up or lived was sustainable? Why and why not? If your city/town was not sustainable, think about your own vision of a sustainable city or neighborhood that you would like to see in the future.
Now, try to imagine the city’s ideal in terms of sustainability. If you have imagined the ideal sustainable city, can you explain why the city would be sustainable? For example, how many people live there? (50,000? 100,000, or 1 million?) What kind of characteristics do make the city sustainable? How would you describe the city in terms of the questions below?
How is this place laid out in terms of streets, buildings, public spaces, parks, homes, workplaces, and shopping areas?
How do people get around?
How does the built environment relate to the natural landscape?
What kind of people live there? How do they interact?
What makes this place sustainable, and do you think it is possible to achieve? How?
In addition to these questions, try to jot down your own ideas related to the questions in the ‘IDEAL SUSTAINABLE CITY?” box below. Your memo will help you write your own reflection on “a desirable sustainable city’.
Remember, it is still the early time of the semester and we have not covered much about sustainability yet. Therefore your discussion does not have to be sophisticated. At this point, we want to share how each of us perceives a ‘sustainable city’ based on your experience. As our course approaches close to the finish line in the semester, you will come back to this discussion and compare your memo from now and later. Finally, here is your writing reflection task.
In order to help your ideas be developed, here are some examples of the components and categories. You are welcome to add your own components, of course to answer the hw questions.
1. Population:
a. What is the optimum size of city population do you think and why?
2. Housing Type:
a. Single-family housing / multi-family housing,
b. Size of house (square footage, story, lawn size, # of rooms, # of bathrooms)
3. Transportation:
a. Transportation mode: Auto (vehicles), Public transit (bus, subways, trains, Hi-speed rails, street car,), Bike, flight
b. Accessibility to services, neighborhoods and communities: Grocery stores (shopping), schools, work-job commuting, parks, trails, recreational activities, public services, and so forth
c. Walkability: walkable neighborhood/community
d. How far do you travel a day? What is your typical/acceptable commuting time per day?
4. Public Services
a. How many people per school, per hospital, per fire stations, per police stations?
5. Affluence level:
a. Average family income, tax rate, national GDP, Engel coefficient (the proportion of family income spent on food) … …
6. Infrastructure
a. Water supply and sewer systems (amount of water that a single city or one person per day needs?)
b. Energy (amount of energy that a single city or per capita per day needs?) – Energy sources? Coal, natural gas, hydro, nuclear, solar, wind energy
7. Land: Size of land
a. Size of land for residential/commercial/industrial/ TCU/retail-offices/ public/administration services/ mixed use.
8. Security/Health / Safety
a. Public safety /Health/ Crime rates /
9. Solid wastes management: How much of solid waste that sustainable city would generate?
10. Air quality:
a. Non-attainment areas of air quality standards (CO2, Ozone (O3), Particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5)
11. Disaster prevention and mitigation: Flood, earthquake, hurricane, etc
12. Social welfare, poverty and food security
13. And so on … … … …
What else you would add or include to discuss about Sustainable Cities? How does a sustainable city would be expressed in terms of these categories? Feel free to discuss your own idea about a sustainable city in your own thought.
Task1. Write an essay with 1,000 ~ 1,200 words answering the following questions (Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4). (MS-Word Document).
Imagine the ideal community – a place you would especially like to live in, and that is sustainable (in whatever way you want to define that term). If you have no specific ideal community in mind, you may think of one of the U.S. cities alternatively and answer the questions below.
Q1. What are the three most important categories of your sustainable city and Why? You may use the list of components (population, housing types, transportation, income, infrastructure… …) given above OR you can add any yourself. ( 300 ~ 400 words)
Q2. Find ONE sustainable city in the U.S or in the world that you think as an exemplar. Discuss why the city you think is sustainable. Explain or describe details based on the three categories you have discussed questions. (in other words, what makes the place sustainable based on the three categories you choose? Google or do some research to make a proposition to achieve sustainable places in cities. (300 ~ 500 words)
Q3. Discuss how the human-built environment (buildings, roads, infrastructures, parking, open spaces.. etc) is related to the natural landscape/environment in your city. What do you think this built environment would impact on the environment? Why does it matter? Elaborate on your points in terms of balancing 3Es (Environment, Economy, and Equity) of Sustainability. (300~400 words)
GRADING RUBRIC: See the Canvas Rubric. The assignment will be graded in terms of narrative logic and the flow of the report.
General Writing Quality:
No submission, failure or quality is extremely poor : 0%
Partial submission or quality is poor: 50%
Competitive or above-average 75%
Proficient or Excellent quality 90%-100%
Put your name and your email address in the header of your document.
Review your write-ups and double-check all questions are answered logically and convincingly.
Note: When you cite other online sources (not your original thoughts/ideas/findings), you MUST include citations and references in your writing work properly. No proper citation and references in your writing will be substantially hurt your grade.
Save your word document file as “PLAN1900_HW2_ FIRSTNAME_LASTNAME.docx.
Submit your final Word document Canvas using the Assignment 2 menu.
NOTE: Acceptable submission file format is ONLY either an MS-word document or a PDF file. It is also the student’s full responsibility that submission is successfully completed before the deadline. Make sure you have received a confirmation email. Any errors/incomplete/late submission will result in zero credit. No late submission is accepted. No exception.

1. Briefly describe the concept of “public realm.” What are the different types

1. Briefly describe the concept of “public realm.” What are the different types of public spaces in cities that constitute public realm? Discuss Jan Gehl’s idea of “necessary activities, optional activities, and social activities” and their relevance for public realm. How might Gehl’s idea of necessary activities, optional activities, and social activities be used to identify the “publicness” of urban outdoor spaces?
2. In his chapter titled The Future of Urbanism, Garde (2019) has discussed recent trends, changes, and associated challenges that are likely to influence the future of urbanism. Explain the relevance of these trends for the future of urbanism and discuss how the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic might intensify or alleviate these trends?
3. Urban environments, especially in older cities, include old buildings and neighborhoods that could be considered obsolete or outdated for future use. Discuss the different measures that could be used to assess the obsolescence of buildings and urban environments. In addition, discuss the different types of interventions that can be used to preserve and/or recreate historic buildings or historic urban environments for their continued use.
4. What is sprawl? Discuss the measures/dimensions of sprawl that can be used to identify the differences between the sprawl and non-sprawl development as Galster et al. (2001) have presented. In addition, explain how does the urban design movement called New Urbanism respond to sprawl illustrated in its principles and development practices?
5. Gary Hack has discussed the concept of “urban flux” in his chapter in the book titled Companion to Urban Design. Describe the concept of urban flux and discuss how elements of urban flux contribute to our experience of urban environment. How might city planners use the idea of “urban flux” to improve our experience of urban environments?
6. In his book Good City Form, Kevin Lynch has explained five performance dimensions and two meta criteria to evaluate the “goodness” of the city form. Given this, first briefly describe the five performance dimensions and two meta criteria. Next, select a city that you are familiar with and use the five performance dimensions and two meta criteria to explain how you might evaluate the “goodness” of its city form.

Prompt 1 for first 1.5 pages: What does the concept “migration as reparations”

Prompt 1 for first 1.5 pages:
What does the concept “migration as reparations” mean? In your answer, please discuss the concept “migration as reparations” within the context of histories of US imperialism and climate change-induced droughts in Central America.
Cite at least 1 lecture and 1 reading.
Prompt 1 reading:

The Case for Climate Reparations

Prompt 1 lecture:
attached below
Prompt 2 for second 1.5 pages:
How does David Harvey define the concept of “the right to the city”? In your answer, please discuss the ways in which the Green New Deal does (or does not) exemplify this concept.
Cite at least 1 lecture and 1 reading.
Prompt 2 reading:
attached below
Prompt 2 lecture:
attached below
Total 3 pages.
** The grading rubric for this essay is attached below, please use it as a reference of how to construct the essay. Thank you!! **

Due: June 5, 1.00pm Word limit: 1000 words Assignment description: This assignme

Due: June 5, 1.00pm
Word limit: 1000 words
Assignment description:
This assignment requires you to propose a specific topic for your final research paper that explores a topic in civic engagement in urban politics. Your proposed topic must include a case study in urban civic engagement that clearly relates to the themes and topics of the course. This will give you the opportunity to develop your knowledge of a specific theme from the course and apply it to a case study in urban politics.
In the paper proposal, you are required to:
1.Propose a specific topic for your final research paper.
2.Develop a research question that relates to your topic.
3.Identify three secondary, scholarly sources that relate to your proposed topic and that arefrom outside the course syllabus. You must identify their main argument and focus anddiscuss how they relate to your topic and question.
4.Identify two primary sources, explain their context (Who produced it? Why was itproduced? What kind of document is it?), and how they relate to your topic.
Assignment structure:
1.State your proposed topic in one sentence.
2.State your research question.
3.In the form of an annotated bibliography:
a.Discuss the three secondary, scholarly sources (150-200 words approx. for eachsource)
b.Discuss the two primary source (150-200 words approx. for each source.)
Good paper proposals will:
•Have a specific topic.
•Include a specific research question that is answerable.
•Engage succinctly with the key points from the sources.
•Not be overly descriptive.
•Engage thoughtfully with the sources.
•Demonstrate an understanding of course concepts and themes.
•Be coherently and clearly written, with few grammatical errors.
•Follow the assignment’s technical requirements
Technical requirements:
• Secondary and primary sources must be drawn from outside the syllabus.
• You may draw on other sources from the syllabus to support your discussion. However, your focus should on be on the sources you have identified for the assignment.
• Papers must be fully referenced using the APA style and include a reference list. More information on this reference style will be posted on Quercus.
• The word count for the paper is 1000 words, excluding citations and the bibliography. You may write 10% more or 10% less than this. However, papers substantially above or below the word count will be penalized.
• Papers should use 12pt font and be double spaced.
• Papers must be submitted by 1.00pm on June 5. Late papers will incur a 3% penalty for every day late. Weekends count as one day.
• If the primary source is an image, please include it in your assignment

Specifically, you must draw from this module’s reading to apply the lens of ethi

Specifically, you must draw from this module’s reading to apply the lens of ethics and transparency to the case.
In your initial post, address the following questions:
What ethical considerations are important in this case?
How does or might transparency amongst stakeholders and policy makers affect all involved?
In response to your peers, discuss what some of the repercussions of a lack of transparency amongst the involved groups could be. Cite specific examples to illustrate your perspective

1. Basic information: Asian, male, PhD, postdoc, professional background, differ

1. Basic information: Asian, male, PhD, postdoc, professional background, different majors for MASTER DEGREE AND PhD DEGREE
2. A statement outlining efforts and plans for promoting diversity, equity, and inclusion. Evidence of deep commitment to supporting diversity, inclusion, and equity in a higher education setting through teaching and/or public engagement via past actions or a detailed plan for future work.
3. original essay
4. research directions: stormwater management, urban resilience, planning support system

We have been reading and discussing articles that cover various aspects of urban

We have been reading and discussing articles that cover various aspects of urban sustainability, resilience and Indigenous ways of knowing. Reflect on these and discuss your thoughts on the following questions.
Are sustainability and resilience compatible or incompatible ideas? How are they similar or not? Do you think Indigenous ways of knowing and approaches be adopted or applied to western cities to increase sustainability and/or resilience?
In addressing these questions, think about whether or not sustainability or resilience is more important and/or necessary for the other, and ways that Indigenous ecocultures could be incorporated or not in cities. Apply terminology you learned about in the readings (e.g., socio-ecological resilience, complex systems, adaptability), and include examples (e.g., COVID, climate change) to explain your position.
On the files tap I have uploaded 6 sources that should be used for this assignment, you only have to bring up 4 of these sources i put 2 extra so that you can choose.

Answer the following question in 3-4 pages. You must make your argument with ref

Answer the following question in 3-4 pages. You must make your argument with reference to course readings. You must include QUOTES from authors but also put the author’s argument in your own words.
Essays must be typed double spaced with page numbers. You must cite references using footnotes or “in-notes” using the author’s name (eg., “Gupta, p. 12”).
These are the reading that can be used for this assignment:

Three Cities Switching To Life-Affirming Economies

Agyeman, Julian and Tom Evans. 2003. “Toward Just Sustainability in Urban Communities: Building Equity Rights with Sustainable Solutions.” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 590:40-50 (excerpt).