The article “Overview of the Police Use of Force.”
Please respond to the following in a substantive post:
Consider this scenario: You are a police officer. You stop a vehicle, and the subject immediately jumps out with his right hand hidden behind his back. He begins to run toward your patrol vehicle.
Would you or wouldn’t you pull your weapon? Why or why not?
Consider the continuation of this scenario: You command the subject to stop. The subject continues to advance quickly on you.
Would you or wouldn’t you shoot the subject, not knowing for sure whether he has a firearm hidden behind his back? Why or why not?
Your company is considering a decision of relocating to another country. You have been given the job of researching different alternatives for relocation. Your report will help the board decide where to relocate, and will help the employees know what to expect in a new country.
The company is considering Saudi Arabia or Germany. Your task is to review the legal system and policing style in these countries and produce a report in a Microsoft Word document addressing the following:
What is the dominant policing style of each country?
How do the police in each country deal with issues of human rights? Are there any protections in place for the citizens?
Do the countries face any terrorism issues? Would a US company be at risk?
Which country would you recommend the company to choose? Why?
The Central Intelligence Agency’s World Factbook is a good starting place for information on other countries.
Support your responses with examples.
Cite any sources in APA format.
Improving Community Corrections
In January 2015, Governor Rick Snyder of Michigan signed two bills into law creating a special commission that would be responsible for “exploring alternatives to incarceration, promoting rehabilitation programs, and making recommendations to the Legislature. The bills aim to improve local alternatives to prison for eligible non-violent offenders and create court consistency across the state” (Michigan House Bills 5828 and 5829, 2015).
You have been appointed to a similar commission in your state. Prepare a report in Microsoft Word that addresses the tasks given below. As you can see from the governor’s press release, tasks such as the following are actual real-world tasks that criminal justice professionals may encounter:
Briefly describe one alternative to incarceration available in your state.
Identify the goal that this program seeks to accomplish (e.g., rehabilitation, deterrence, restoration, etc.).
Evaluate the effectiveness of pretrial diversion in preventing recidivism.
Evaluate the use of probation in your state. Describe how probation officers may utilize community-based resources for the purpose of rehabilitating probationers.
In a report of this type, data should accompany any recommendations to support the points being made. For this assignment, you might find the following resource helpful, along with your textbook, classroom material, and other appropriate outside sources:
A National Survey of Criminal Justice Diversion Programs and Initiatives
Michigan Office of the Governor. (2015, January 12). Gov. Rick Snyder signs bills to boost
public safety through DNA collection at time of arrest. Retrieved from http://www.
Cite your sources using APA guidelines.
Views on justice impact many areas of criminal justice, including the concepts of fairness, equality, and impartiality, and influence the ethical standards you apply in various situations in the field. Your views on justice and how you act in situations will affect the opinions others have of you in the communities you serve. Views on justice also impact actions taken and decisions made that affect the wider population.
Assume you have been selected as one of three potential candidates for a new position in your local criminal court. The presiding judge wants to understand your views on substantive justice.
Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word brief describing the origins of the concept of justice and how you believe they are defined today. Complete the following in your brief:
-Explain Aristotle’s ethical ideas of distributive and procedural justice.
-Compare substantive justice and procedural justice, including how procedural justice impacts wrongful convictions and moral perceptions of racial discrimination, such as the Central Park Five and the story of Brian Banks, a former football star.
-Explain how you understand justice as defined by today’s modern criminal justice agencies. Include reasoning and examples in your explanation to support your opinion.
For this assignment, you’ll read ‘an ethical analysis of solitary confinement in U.S. prisons’. Write the one page single spaced focusing on the following
a) In an introductory paragraph, provide an overview of your topic.
b) What are the pros and cons of either solitary confinement? Think about not only the inmates but the institutions and the larger community.
c) From either a deontological or utilitarian perspective, argue whether this practice (i.e., solitiary confinement or using second chance pell grants) should continue.
DO NOT use any resources other than the article that is attached!!!!!
Cybercrime Investigation Methods
Prior to beginning work on this assignment read the Sinduh and Meshram (2012) article (Links to an external site.). It is also recommended you review the Brown (2015) article (Links to an external site.) before writing your assignment. Review the instructions below and research a minimum of two additional scholarly or professional sources to support your statements. (Access the MSCJ Professional Sources guide (Links to an external site.) for assistance with finding appropriate professional resources.)
As you have learned thus far, cyber crimes being committed create a new vanguard for law enforcement and prosecution of criminal actions. The commonplace notions of physical crime scenes, standard and material evidence collection, and well-established, traditional steps of an investigation do not necessarily apply in the “cyber world.” With a need for change in how cyber crimes are investigated, you will examine current cyber crime investigations methods in this assignment.
For this assignment you will prepare a three to five page (750 to 1250 words) paper detailing the major components of cybercrime investigation. Including the following elements in your narrative:
Develop your own, working definition of cyber crime.
Explain the methodology of gathering evidence in a cyber crime investigation.
Analyze the methods of evidence collection, analysis and preservation.
Explain the legal challenges for both private security and police agencies related to cyber crime investigation methods and practices.
The Cybercrime Investigation Methods paper
Must be three to five double-spaced pages (750 to 1250 words) in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the UAGC Writing Center (Links to an external site.).
Must include a separate title page with the following:
Title of paper
Course name and number
Must use at least two scholarly sources in addition to the required course materials.
The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.) table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.
Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the UAGC Writing Center.
Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the UAGC Writing Center.
Sindhu, K. K., & Meshram, B. B. (2012). Digital forensics and cyber crime datamining (Links to an external site.). Journal of Information Security, (3), 196-201. Retrieved from http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperDownload.aspx?DOI=10.4236/jis.2012.33024
This article discusses the various tools and techniques being used in the field of digital forensics as well as suggesting a systematic approach to the science. Accessibility Statement does not exist.
Aspinall, W. (Director & Producer). (2014). Heists: Cybercrimes with Ben Hammersley (Links to an external site.) [Video file]. Retrieved from https://secure.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx?token=109729&wID=100753&plt=FOD&loid=0&w=560&h=315&fWidth=580&fHeight=365
The full version of this video is available through the Films on Demand database in the UAGC Library. This video examines organized cyber hackers and how criminals and networks commit cyber crime and will assist you with your learning activities this week. This video has closed captioning.
Accessibility Statement (Links to an external site.)
Brown, C. S. D., (2015). Investigating and prosecuting cyber crime: Forensic dependencies and barriers to justice (Links to an external site.). International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 9(1), 55-119. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.22387. Retrieved from http://www.cybercrimejournal.com/Brown2015vol9issue1.pdf
This open access article centers on the systemic issues that face investigators when taking on a cyber crime scene. The topic of potential regulatory changes related to cyber crime investigation is also discussed.
United States Department of Justice. (2008). Electronic crime scene investigation: A guide for first responders, second edition (Links to an external site.)[PDF]. https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/219941.pdf
This source provides pragmatic and practical information necessary to individuals collecting evidence of cyber crime evidence for prosecution. The governmental report provides step by step guidance for “first responders” and is considerate of the unique nature of each crime scene encountered. The report focuses upon preserving electronic crime scenes and provides methods for recognizing, collecting, and safeguarding digital evidence.
MSCJ Resources (Links to an external site.) (http://ashford-mscj.weebly.com/)
This resource site will provide assistance in researching additional sources for the assessments within this course.
Accessibility Statement does not exist.
Respond to the following in a minimum of 175 words:
What is the piece of federal legislation on victims’ rights that is most important for victims of crime? Explain your answer.
How has the passage of federal legislation on victims’ rights impacted state and local communities?
Imagine you are training new case managers on the role of victim advocate and you need to include a section in your training guide.
Write a 350- to 700-word section for the training guide on the role of the victim advocate in which you:
Identify the certification process to become a victim advocate in the state in which you live or in a state with which you are familiar.
Describe the function of a victim advocate in a criminal matter involving an adult victim.
Contrast the function of a victim advocate in a criminal matter involving an adult victim versus a criminal matter involving a minor victim.
Explain how the role of a victim advocate differs from the role of a member of the victim services agency associated with the prosecutor’s office (federal U.S. attorney, state attorneys general offices, or local offices for district attorneys).
Explain the role of the victim advocate in restorative justice.
Format your assignment according to APA guidelines.
Write a 1/2 to one page (150–275 words) response in which you answer the three questions that follow the case study below:
You could have been in the same situation yourself. Instead, it is Mary Lee Smith, one of your probationers, who is about to stand before the judge in a probation revocation hearing.
When you and your husband split 10 years ago, you had two children and eventually had to declare bankruptcy and accept food stamps to be able to pay the rent. After seven years working as a secretary at the nearby state juvenile corrections center, receiving constant encouragement from Mrs. Jones, the superintendent, and taking advantage of a criminal justice scholarship program, you finished a degree in administration of justice and qualified for an entry-level position with the community resources division of the state department of corrections. You advanced as the system grew, and now, three years later, you are a probation supervisor in Judge Longworth’s court.
In a way, Mary Lee is as much a victim as she is an offender. Married at seventeen, she quit high school and moved west with her husband who was in the army. By the time she was twenty, she had two children and was divorced. With babysitters to pay and skills that would command no more than minimum wage, Mary Lee turned to such income supplements as shoplifting, bad check writing, and occasionally prostitution. Her check-passing skills developed rapidly, and it was not long before she had amassed a series of convictions, not to mention several lesser offenses for petty larceny that were disposed of by the prosecutor’s declaration of nolle prosequi. To date, Mary Lee has not served a day in prison. Judge Longworth has used admonition, restitution, suspended sentence, and probation to rehabilitate Mary Lee. However, Mary Lee’s criminal conduct has persisted, as has her inability to stretch her food stamps, welfare payments, and part-time minimum-wage employment into a satisfactory existence for herself and her children. To complicate the matter, the welfare safety net that had helped keep Mary Lee and her children afloat would cease to exist for her within 24 months.
Judge Longworth has called you into his chambers before the hearing. He read your violation report with interest. You pointed out Mary Lee’s family obligations and the imminent possibility that the children would have to be placed in foster homes if she were confined. You also pointed out that she has been faithful in making restitution and that she maintains a steady church relationship and a good home environment for her children. Although your report is fair and accurate, you realize that the judge has sensed your misgivings and uncertainty concerning Mary Lee.
Judge Longworth looks up from your report and comes directly to the point. “Do you really believe this woman deserves to go back into the community? You certainly seem to have found some redeeming features in her conduct that I don’t,” he says. “Unfortunately, it appears to me that the only way she is going to learn to respect other people’s property is to be deprived of her own freedom. I think the community is getting pretty tired of this kind of repetitive criminal conduct.” Judge Longworth looks to you expectantly for an answer.
You are on the spot. You know your answer might put Mary Lee in the penitentiary or give her another chance on probation. The judge will make up his own mind, but you know he values your opinion.
Should Mary Lee be sent to prison or allowed to remain on probation?
Is there anything else you can do as a probation officer to help Mary Lee make a more successful adjustment regarding living within the limits of the law?
Is it enough for the courts or society to tell someone like Mary Lee not to commit petty larceny, or does our system have a moral duty to provide her with support services that could increase her chance of success?
This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing Standards link in the left-hand menu of your course. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
Unit 6.1 Discussion: Overcrowding
Unit 6.1 Discussion: OvercrowdingDiscuss the causes and consequences of jail overcrowding. How does it impact rehabilitation and treatment programs and jail management? What solutions would you propose? Be specific.