The last assignment for this class asks us to apply what we have learned about i

The last assignment for this class asks us to apply what we have learned about indoor air quality by assessing our own indoor air quality using OSHA guidelines. Note that you can assess either your work building or your home. Although OSHA guidelines only apply to work buildings and not to residential homes, we will use their guidelines for an indoor air quality assessment.
Take a look at your work or home and pick two rooms to provide an indoor air quality assessment. For these two rooms:
Please provide pictures (of two rooms in your home or work building) and assess what indoor air pollutants you would be concerned about. The pictures should provide a comprehensive view of everything in the two rooms. (20 points possible)
Please list the items in each of these two rooms (at least three major items that would be of air quality emissions concern), and then assess what your concerns would be in terms of indoor air pollutants. (40 points possible)
For example, for my gas stove, I would write CO, NOx, and particulates as main concerns since all are given off as part of combustion of all carbon-based fuels in air.
For your whole house or building, review the HVAC system maintenance checklist in terms of humidity, ducts, and filtration system. Please share briefly what your state ventilation code is and how you would use it for this assessment. (10 points possible)
Review general office (or home) checklist for housekeeping, pesticide use, and moisture intrusion. (10 points possible)
Review what can be done to improve indoor air quality according to OSHA and provide a summary paragraph on the two most effective steps you can take to improve your indoor air quality. (20 points possible)
Indoor Air Quality in Commercial and Institutional Buildings:

Watch the documentary through the lens of an environmental restoration specialis

Watch the documentary through the lens of an environmental restoration specialist and/or advocate. There are at least two sides to every story and agenda – even within the conversation of sustainable ecosystems. Some things to consider while watching the movie are; is it easy or difficult for you to decide which side you might stand with, do you feel empathy toward the industry/community practices that contributed to the degradation of this particular ecosystem, does it appear that everyone has good intentions, was it obvious that this imbalance could have been predicted/prevented, what other ideas might you have to support a plan to move forward that values the health of all stakeholders (is that even possible?), what are the social, financial and ecological impacts, are there conflicting needs to consider? So much to think about! Write a 2-3 page analysis. The content of your paper must include: a brief description of the issues an overview identifying the stakeholders involved the ecological problem and common goals of the stakeholders a compare and contrast of the social, ecological, and financial systems this ecosystem supports and affects your ideas for a plan to re-establish a self-sustaining ecosystem (will there will a loosing group in your plan and how do your value/prioritize these groups) MOVIE LINK

Go through the readings to find the answers to the questions listed below. 150-

Go through the readings to find the answers to the questions listed below.
150-word count response for each response.
Readings for assignment:
– Climate Change 101
Available at
– Sustainable Energy Development under Climate Change
Available at sustainability-10-03269.pdf
– Twelve Economic Facts on Energy and Climate Change
Available at
– Global Warming and Drought in the 21stst Century
Available at
– Effects of Changing Climate on Weather and Human Activities
Available at
Where do you stand on whether the U.S. government should be doing about global warming and climate change?
If you feel humans are the main cause of global warming, do you think you contribute to global warming and can take actions to mitigate the impacts, and if so, how?
Please answer both questions in 150 words!!!!!

Suggested readings for the assignment: – Energy Efficiency Available at https:/

Suggested readings for the assignment:
– Energy Efficiency
Available at
– Understanding energy efficiency
Available at
– Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings
Available at
– Twelve Economic Facts on Energy and Climate Change
Available at
– Energy Efficiency Potential in New Jersey Available at
1. Watch the movie: Global Warming: Six Degrees Could Change the World
2. Discuss based on the movie/documentary:
Is there a central message about climate change impacts that could be a key argument in building consensus in climate change agreements? If so, should that message also inform the U.S position?
Please answer the question in at least 200 words!!!!!

This term paper should address a significant issue of current interest in the 20

This term paper should address a significant issue of current interest in the 2019 Energy Master Plan.
The purpose of the research term paper is to identify and summarize clearly the current state of knowledge on an energy policy topic for the state of New Jersey. You should write clearly, rely on well-established facts, and present your material in a logical manner.
The suggested format for an 8-page term paper (excluding bibliography) is:
Introduction and Background
Policy and Societal Issues
Findings and Discussions
Conclusion and Future Ahead
Bibliography (at least 6 -10 published or internet-based sources).
Focus on your topic. For example, not “Renewable energy issues,” but maybe “energy accessibility from renewable energy issues in New Jersey” or “New Jersey’s community solar pilot program issues and concerns”. This will also require you to identify any gaps, discrepancies, or uncertainties in the information used as a basis for your conclusions and include your findings. This paper is expected to review the state of the art on the topic and do some analysis and assessment that add insight to the topic.
“Papers any shorter than 2100 words will be penalized a few points.”- from the professor.

My professor wants the writing to be about Bakersfield, California that is where

My professor wants the writing to be about Bakersfield, California that is where I grew up. I used to work in agriculture in grapes and blueberries.
Here are the choice readings the three articles I choose:
Bissing-Olson, M.J., Fielding, K.S., & Iyer, A. (2016). Experiences of pride, not guilt, predict pro-environmental behavior when pro-environmental descriptive norms are more positive, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 45, 145-153.
Bratanova, B., Loughnan, S., & Gatersleben, B. (2012). The moral circle as a common motivational cause of cross-situational pro-environmentalism. European Journal of Social
Psychology, 42, 539-545.
Thompson, C. W., & Aspinall, P. A. (2011). Natural environments and their impact on activity, health, and quality of life. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-being, 3(3), 230-260.
Terms you can discuss in the paper:
Threats to internal validity include:
Sample—the people who are actually measured in a study—a big question is how well the sample represents the population (therefore how well can your findings generalize to the population?)
Representative sample—using population data, researchers select a representative slice of the population, making sure the distribution of certain variables such as income are proportionally represented (e.g., well-done polling)—almost never seen in psych studies
Random sample—given that all of the members of a population are known, select a sample so that each person has an equal chance to be selected—almost never seen in psych studies
Convenience sample—using a convenient sample of the population—such samples are seldom fully representative of the population—this is what most psych studies do (e.g., the infamous “college first-year” sample). However, the extent to which this is an issue depends largely upon whether the variables probably vary depending upon age, ethnicity, education, or gender.
Snowball sample—given a narrowly-defined population (e.g., middle-aged feminist vegans), recruitthe sample by locating a few individuals who then refer the researcher to others they know—a few psych studies do this because of the difficulty in finding such unusual people.
Meta-analysis—the sample is actually a large collection of relevant studies, with each study being a “data point” (the population is all studies fitting criteria set by the researcher, so are the criteria capturing a good sample of the “population” of studies on this topic?)
Biased sample—whether the researcher is aware of it or not, some samples are skewed in such a way that they clearly do not represent the population—e.g., historically, psych has used samples that over-represented males and white middle-class college-educated people and under-represented females, the poor, and ethnic minorities (in studies intended to represent the populations “people” or “children”)although this problem is not as glaring as it was decades ago—and a study doesn’t have to have an exactly equal number of people in each variable category, esp. if there’s some reason to think that the samples’ characteristics are not relevant to the behavior/process being studied. Also, if the population does not have an equal proportion of people across categories of interest, the sample can be representative of the population by reflecting these proportions.
Selection bias—when you are comparing groups, the groups systematically vary to begin with in some important but unintended way, e.g., the people in one group are older than the people in another—a confound–—a fairly frequent result of non-random samples
Selective drop-out—in studies occurring over time (pre-post or longitudinal), the people who drop out of the study systematically vary from those who stay in some important and unintended way
Weak face validity—when moving from the concept intended to be measured to the actual measure of the concept (operationalization), the measure or procedures/design just don’t seem to capture the concept very well to begin with (e.g., if you ask people if they consider companion animals family members and 98% say “yes” that’s nice but you don’t have a variable (it’s not varying!))
Weak construct validity—the study overall, or its measures, don’t tie in well with any particular theory—maybe you find out what happens but you have no theoretical base for understanding why, e.g.
Weak convergent validity—several measures are used that theoretically/conceptually should be closely related, but they don’t turn out that way
Weak discriminant validity—several measures are used which are not theoretically/conceptually related, yet they do not clearly show different relationships
Mono-method or mono-measure issue—only one measure or technique is used to capture the variables, so the coverage of the concepts involved is limited
Testing effects—when multiple measures are used, or measures are repeated, there may be practice effects or an influence of taking one measure on completing some later measure
Reactivity—the members of the sample react in some important and unintended way to the measures or procedures—including response sets (e.g., tendency to pick the middle of rating scales), social desirability effects (e.g., reporting “better” attitudes and behaviors than one actually has), demand characteristics (e.g., people may do something for a researcher that they would not actually consider
doing in day-to-day life)—researchers should often be trying to design the study or measures in such as way as to keep the participants “blind” to the aims of the study or to test, within the study, for things such as social desirability effects.
Low reliability—the measures used are not very good for measuring what they’re intended to measure
including, e.g., ceiling or floor effects—there is not much variation among the people in the sample in their responses—as a group they tend to max out or bottom out in the possible scores—or the measure has low internal consistency or low repeatability
Variables—in psychology, variables are characteristics and behaviors (in the broadest sense) that vary across people—studies ask how variables co-vary, i.e., how well knowing a person’s “value” for one variable helps predict the person’s “value” on a second variable, or how variables vary across groups
Defining variables—researchers need to state what exactly the variable is conceptually and then operationalize it validly and reliably—operationalizing is a crucial, central part of research—you can never capture the entire concept withyour measures and procedures, but you can do it well or poorly—in a study, the researcher moves from a set of conceptual measures to clearly operationalized variables (stating how variables are constructed–from what measure, what items, how it is calculated (a sum, an average), and its possible range and scaling)
Operationalized variables take the form of nominal, ordinal, or interval/ratio scales in quantitative studies
Nominal–2+ categories–e.g., ethnicity categories, age as categories, using a single item with yes/no answers as a variable
Univariate description=frequency (# and % of people in each category)
–you cannot treat nominal variables as interval/ratio–they do not have means, SDs, etc.
When a number system is used for a nominal variable this is arbitrary and not to be used mathematically (e.g., Democrat category =1 and Republican category = 2 for scoring purposes—you don’t take averages or do other math computations on these numbers.
Ordinal–values that are ranks–in reality, most Likert scales or similar measurements are ordinal but in practice we usually treat them as interval or ratio
Univariate description=rank
Interval or ratio–true numbers, with ratio scales have a meaningful zero point–the values mean something mathematically (2 is twice the value of 4, e.g.)–you can add, subtract, multiply and divide them meaningfully, e.g., age in years, total number of yes answers on a 20-item survey, rating for fun experienced in a game on a numbered scale
Although Likert ratings are actually ordinal, we usually treat them as interval/ratio
Univariate description=mean and SD (pay attention to SDs!—are participants clumped together or spread out? and pay attention to the mean and what it says about the overall sample—did the sample have a mean that’s high? middle? low? for what it could be?)
Operationalized variables in qualitative studies often take the form of “themes” (software exists to help researchers find the themes)
Independent variable—the predictor variable, the one the researcher uses to try to predict how people vary in the dependent variable, i.e., how well does knowing a person’s value on the independent variable predict the dependent variable value?
Subject variables—some variable values are inherent in a person and cannot be “tweaked” by researchers in a study (e.g., age, sex, ethnicity, religion, political party…)
Dependent variable—the predicted variable, the one the researcher wants to discover, given the value of the independent variable
Hypothesis—a conceptual (or general) hypothesis is a fairly informal statement about how concepts are related (e.g., “Because of gender socialization, women are likely to be empathic”) while studies actually test a formal hypothesis that incorporates operationalized variables (e.g., “There will be a relationship between sex and score on the XYZ Empathy Measure such that females score higher than males”).
Statistics—simple statistics (one IV and one DV), to a great extent, follow from the scaling of the variables
Int/ratioint/ratioPearson r
2-category nominalint/ratioindepsample t-test
3+-category nominalint/ratio1-way ANOVA
nominal (2-3 cats.)nominal (2-3 cats.)chi square (need cross-tab table
to interpret findings)
Other statistics—Factor analysis—correlates each item in a measure with every other item in order to find
“clumps” or factors of items that are strongly related to each other—often used to test or build theories and to
refine measures (e.g., in an intelligence test, how many factors are there and what are they?)—researchers often
argue about the content, number, and interpretation of factors in a measure/concept—
MANOVA (Multiple Analysis of Variance)—one IV and multiple DVs, testing how well the DVs hang together as a “set”—
Multiple regression—several IVs used to test the best predictive combination for one DV—
Discriminant analysis—tests whether groups of people can be reliably distinguished from each other using certain variables or measures—for instance, can you use peoples’ political beliefs to predict with a high degree of certainty whether or not they recycle?—the analysis “backtracks” by forming recycling versus not recycling groups and then testing which IVs best predict (discriminate) the group membership
Significance—quantitative findings indicate significance in a way that tells you how likely it is that the findings are
due to random chance and errors—psych accepts assignificant findings with fewer than one in 20 chances of
being due to chance (p

Annotated Bibliography Including: 6 various sources: 0 – 1 websites 0 – 1 online

Annotated Bibliography
6 various sources:
0 – 1 websites
0 – 1 online Mags or news
1 – 2 TED talks, documentary
0 – 1 Lecture
1 – 4 Scholarly Journal
Correct APA reference citations (Double spaced & Hanging Indent)
1 paragraph entry per source (Single spaced), including:
Summary of source information
Credibility of source (author’s credentials, .edu, trusted publication, etc)
Explain how source will help make your argument…Including the following ideas:
How does this piece support your work? does it contain: details that support your ideas, opposition from your point of view, someone’s personal experience

This is the second part of a multimodal research paper. The first part, I did on

This is the second part of a multimodal research paper. The first part, I did on writing about a climate change problem. I attached what I wrote below (CP). The second part of this is taking an advocate’s role. It has to talk about solution to the problem based on newly formed policies. I will have resources attached including a sample. Not to mention, it’s multimodal so pictures with captions, hyperlinks, and etc. are needed. It can’t sound boring with repetition. Not to mention the sources can’t just be all news. It should have government and academic sources. Will a draft be available by november 21 and can you bold the thesis?
This essay requires different kinds of research as well as some new and in-depth research on the problem’s effects and causes*. While the essay will primarily be about 1 best solution, you will also have to compare it against another solution.
Keep an open mind. Don’t pick the first solution you come across. Give yourself time to explore 5-7 different ideas and then pick the best from that.
This draft must have a strong argument (Solution Analysis Statement) that’s been revised several times and is evaluative instead of descriptive. You should have started developing your body paragraphs with different kinds of evidence, views of supporters and expert opinions. Your paper should be showing research into the solutions flaws and roadblocks—in other words you should be doing some form of SWOT analysis. I expect to see careful and effective word choice employing MERL and CCCCF terminology and vocabulary.
REMINDER: Solutions must be recent (not older than 2 years) and pending (they shouldn’t already be a law!)
Here are the steps to help you get started with researching for the different parts of this essay.
Solutions: Research several different types of solutions from both organizations as well as government sources.
Sponsors: Research credibility of the sponsors of the solutions you have chosen to discuss in your essay.
Supporters: You will need to find credible people and groups who support the BEST solution or the idea behind the solution (at least 3-4).
Opponents: You will need to find credible people and groups who oppose the BEST solution or the idea behind the solution (at least 3-4).
Analysis: You will have to next research commentators who analyze the BEST solutions’ effectiveness, or cost-benefit, or feasibility. You will find good commentary on solutions in newspaper editorial pages.
Weakness: You must be prepared to acknowledge a weakness or flaw in your BEST solution. This will show to your academic reader that you are being fair and objective and not a biased cheerleader.
Barriers/Roadblocks: What are some of the obstacles that stand in the way of your solution being passed? How strong are these? How do these affect the likely passage/adoption/implementation of your solution?
2nd Solution: While you will dedicate only 1 paragraph to the 2nd best solution in the essay, you should still be able to discuss its pros and cons expertly.
Supporters of 2nd best solution: You will need to find credible people and groups who support this solution or the idea behind the solution (at least 2).
Opponents: You will need to find credible people and groups who oppose this solution or the idea behind the solution (at least 2).
Analysis/Strength: You will have to research commentators who analyze this solutions’ effectiveness, or cost-benefit, or feasibility.
Rebuttal: In the 2nd best solution paragraph you will end with a robust rebuttal of the 2nd best policy being weaker compared to the best policy. Hence it is wise to consider in what ways the 2ndpolicy is weaker—less feasible, less, coverage, less cost-beneficial etc.?
What are some opportunities/good news that make you hopeful that your solution is likely to be adopted?
Solution Analysis: Why did solutions fail in the past? What could have made them work? How and why will this time around be different?
* Depending on the solution you may have to redefine and re-frame your problem to make solution match it perfectly. This will entail fresh research as well.
Here are more sources to find analysis, discussion of solutions from some cool news and advocacy organizations. But you also look in national and international newspapers for discussion of the ideas in your solutions.

Last week we discussed human population growth. This directly relates to the inc

Last week we discussed human population growth. This directly relates to the increased global consumption of goods. We use all kinds of disposable items throughout the day, week, or month and usually don’t think about their impact on the environment. Your assignment is to:
1. Choose a small consumer item, one that costs less than $5, is used daily or weekly, and that most people have in their homes or offices.
2. Once you select your consumer item, survey at least ten people around you (from various settings) (socially distant of course) and determine how often other people use this item and whether or not they recycle this item.
3. Include in your response a rough calculation of the ecological footprint of this item based on your research. (i.e. how many of these items are going to landfills every year and what is the ramifications? Does your product have harmful components?) Worry less about an exact number and more about the quality of your information and your discussion about the information.
4. Are there “green” alternatives for this product? Discuss them.
Using MLA or APA style, please write a 2-3 page, single-spaced paper that addresses these issues. Be sure to include a reference list at the end of your essay that includes all web sites, journals, articles, etc you may have used. You are not restricted to .org, .gov, or .edu websites, but you should use reputable sources. Use your best judgment.
NOTE: Please make sure you have not copied and pasted any information directly from a source. That is considered plagiarism and you will receive a zero for any assignments that contain information that is cut and pasted from sources.

Create a 2 page word document that utilizes the planning, monitoring and evaluat

Create a 2 page word document that utilizes the planning, monitoring and evaluation stages of Self Regulated Learners.
The planning and monitoring stages will be for Unit 5, while the evaluation stage will relate back to your performance on any and all assessments of Unit 4.
Answer the questions below for each of the stages. You are welcome to create an actual schedule for the lessons of the unit.
Planning stage
For each lesson of the Unit, how much time will you dedicate? Be specific in the total amount of time for that lesson, the length of each study period, and the number of days studying prior to the resulting quiz.
What study strategies will you use?
How will you avoid distractions?
Monitoring Stage
Present 3 situations or items that you must do to ensure that you have quality study time.
Where are you studying? Will you be able to move or go elsewhere if there are distractions?
Evaluation Stage (of the previous Unit)
How did you perform on each of the Unit quizzes?
What could you improve if you are disappointed in your grade?
What practice will you continue if you did well on your quizzes?