Using the legislation or regulation that you selected this week, draft a 500 – 1,000 word scientific background on the issues underlying the proposed legislation/regulation. A scientific background gives a more technical understanding of the biological/chemical/technological processes, mechanisms, and limitations that underlie a particular issue.
This should differ from the Issue Background in that it should focus explicitly and clearly on the science — not the economics or governance. Imagine trying to get a policymaker up to speed who hasn’t had a chemistry class since middle school; that’s the level of clarity and detail needed in this section. You’ll also need to be extremely conscientious about using reliable, trustworthy sources to provide EIGHT (8) external citations to support your background. I recommend using scholar.google.com to get started.
Your scientific background should outline clearly but succinctly:
(1) What type of waste management does this legislation or regulation address?
(2) Which domains of science are most relevant to this type of waste management?
(3) Within those domains, what is the status of scientific knowledge on this issue? What is known/not yet known? Where are scientists still experimenting?
(4) How do the scientific processes, mechanisms, or limitations relate to the options available to address this issue?
(5) What are scientific experts saying on the issue and how it should be addressed? How do they believe the science or the issue will change in the future?
The legislation I’ve selected: https://www.congress.gov/bill/117th-congress/house-bill/3423?q=%7B%22search%22%3A%5B%22safe+drinking+water+act%22%2C%22safe%22%2C%22drinking%22%2C%22water%22%2C%22act%22%5D%7D&s=5&r=3
what specific adaptations are you considering? what health effects? what exactly is the problem you will consider solving, and then apply ethical arguments for why we should to this solution?
frame things as problem, solution, and then using Deontological then Utilitarian ethical reasoning for why we should do that solution.
Full detail of instruction in the attached file(additional materials)
Use minimum 5 peer reviewed science articles and 5 peer-reviewed ethics articles relevant to your topic and uploaded as pdf’s along with your assignment.
Prior to beginning work on this discussion forum, review the following resources:
Life-Cycle Assessment (Links to an external site.)https://ashford.mediaspace.kaltura.com/media/ENV111+Week+Four+%7C+Life-Cycle+Assessment/0_nvuol8bl
Life Cycle Analysis (Links to an external site.)https://web.archive.org/web/20200305192626/https://enviroliteracy.org/environment-society/life-cycle-analysis/
Waste Generation and Management Sustainability (Links to an external site.)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DmFGsxLcT6k&feature=youtu.be
At a Glance: A Global Picture of Solid Waste Management (Links to an external site.)https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/wbwhat/at_a_glance_a_global_picture_of_solid_waste_management/0
Mortality and Morbidity in Populations in the Vicinity of Coal Mining: A Systematic Review (Links to an external site.)https://eds.s.ebscohost.com/plink?key=100.69.169.1_8000_1682427336&db=cmedm&an=29890962&site=eds-live&scope=site
Deforestation and Forest Degradation Due to Gold Mining in the Peruvian Amazon: A 34-Year Perspective (Links to an external site.)https://eds.s.ebscohost.com/eds/detail/detail?vid=0&sid=f968eb9e-8ca0-4690-8778-ece63652f2c4%40redis&bdata=JkF1dGhUeXBlPXNoaWImc2l0ZT1lZHMtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#AN=133722298&db=a9h
Global Waste to Grow 70% by 2050 Unless Action Is Taken (Links to an external site.)https://www.proquest.com/docview/2113170543?accountid=32521
For this week’s engagement activity, you will complete the first step of a life cycle analysis by identifying all the inputs and outputs needed to produce one standard number 2 pencil.
#2 Pencil Image.jpg
Reflect on all of the steps needed to produce each part of the pencil, including the wood, lead, paint, eraser, and metal eraser cup. If you need help, return to the Life-Cycle Assessment video to review how we determined the inputs and outputs for a paperclip.
List and briefly explain all the inputs and outputs in the discussion board below needed to produce the pencil.
Explain the environmental effects from mining one resource that is needed to make the pencil.
The tragedy of the commons concept illustrates what can happen when people use a limited resource, which can result in “what is good for the individual is not necessarily good for the whole.”
Describe an example of the tragedy of the commons in your area. While the video used provided the example of fish being pulled from a pond, what examples do you see in your community?
Identify the natural cycle or system that is being impacted and any threats to the sustainability of a specific resource.
Additionally, identify the people or organization that is responsible for this tragedy of the commons.
Provide one potential solution that could keep this tragedy from degrading the well-being of your neighbors or community.
– Your action plan should be two pages (not including the title and reference pages).
– Be sure to use at least two additional scholarly sources (such as an academic article and/or a government safety source such as OSHA), plus your textbook as a reference for your assignment. So, total number of resources will be three.
Textbook: McKinnon, R. C. (2017). Risk-based, management-led, audit-driven, safety management systems. CRC Press.
Suggested Readings from McKinnon Textbook:
Chapter 5: Management-led Safety Management Systems
Chapter 7: Safety Leadership and Organization (Part 1, pp. 103–112)
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. (2012). Management leadership in occupational safety and health: A practical guide. https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/management-leadershipoccupational-safety-and-health-practical-guide/view (pp. 6-20)
– All sources must be cited and referenced according to APA standards. Be creative!
Forum) After completing this week’s reading assignment and after watching the video, discuss the historical reasons for terrorism. In your discussion, be sure to address impact of political systems on the rise of terrorism.
Comments from Customer
Introduction to Homeland Security: Understanding Terrorism Prevention and Emergency
Management 2nd Edition. ISBN: 978-1119430650
The two chapters for this paper is 3 and 4.
-Write an assessment of the author’s writing, responding to the author’s success at conveying both the human narrative and information about technology/science.
-This is not an overview, like a book report, but a review. Do not just tell me what the article is about, but what it is like to read the article.
What do you think of the story they tell? How valuable is the imagery? What kind of sources do they use? Interviews? Did they “take you” to another place? You do not need to answer these questions in this order, but these are suggestions for your brainstorming.
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1zq7Z_PZQxwy4UbahNdy0s96tiWA0mI9bHDQfFABN8Jk/edit?usp=sharing I have 120 pages of a very rough draft of the thesis, including notes. https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/13Q8YrXp9S3qbVpUmRztKdaHvaO_Hz52L3mrGU0wyl30/edit?usp=sharing I made a spreadsheet of data including 130 GPS points at 130 berry patches of target species I found in forest. Each berry patch consisted of circular plot of 10 meters diameter which i measured with 2 field tape measures layed out perpendicular. Plot centers chosen based on being at walkable accessible areas (near roads) of forest since I looked at a logging road map layer in Arc Maps. Also have map layer that classifies forest into 7 categories based on the “dominant overstory tree species out of 4 species” and the “logging history based on 3 types: unlogged, clearcut, and thinned.” I used Arcmap random # generator to place roughly equal # of samples in each of the 7 categories at random GPS locations within those 7 categorical areas in forest. Used Garmin GPS to walk to each randomly generated GPS location and looked for the target species; at each random GPS location i looked within 30 meters for an individual shrub of the target species that had the most berries of any of the target species shrubs within 30 m of that randomly generated GPS point since that might be how indigenous berry pickers would find shrubs to harvest berries from as that who I want to inform: local indigenous berry pickers. If no target species with a stem length over 3 meters (since shorter shrubs seemed immature) were within 30 m of that random GPS point I noted a zero. For each of the 130 different berry patches I made a row in spreadsheet. For each of the 12 different traits I recorded for each plot (including dominant overstory tree species and logging history from the map layers) I made a column in the spreadsheet where I recorded for each of the 130 berry patches a quantitative count or a qualitative value based on the 12 different traits that I recorded to see if any could explain the quantity of berries per shrub including: berry productivity score of 1, 2 or 3 based on # of berries on the single target shrub species at the center of each of the 100 plots (Berries per plant, 0= 0, 1=50); a quantity from 0-100 for slope of the land, a categorical # from 1-360 representing aspect of the land, a quantity from 1-100% for canopy openness indicating the % of the canopy above plot center that is open based on 4 different densiometer readings facing in each of the cardinal directions while standing at the plot centers, the quantity of shrubs of the target species per berry patch aka within the 10 meter diameter plot, the mean length of longest stem to 0.1 meters for the target shrub species in the plots since I measured the longest stem of each shrub in each plot for the 130 plots using field tape measure, the mean diameter of each overstory tree species in plots since i measured the diameter at breast height of the trees and recorded the tree’s species (for trees with a diameter more than 10 centimeters at breast height using a Biltmore stick for trees within the 10 meter diameter plots), the quantity from 0-100% of the ground cover for each plant species within the 10 meter diameter plot: broke-up circular plot into 4 quarters by laying out tape measures that cross at plot center for each plant species, woody debris & leaf litter; quantity of nodes aka branch points or points where branch broke off on that longest stem of the target species at the plot center; and the quantity of stems of the target species of that individual shrub at the plot centers. I have 170 citations about the topic from online sources and from hard copy books and government research papers. The topics include: berry producing wild shrub, traits about that shrub, traits about the forest the shrub lives in, indigenous tribe’s knowledge about the wild shrub, the location of 100 of the shrubs, traits of those 130 shrubs, and traits of the forest where those 130 shrubs are at. I wanted to find which shrub traits and which forest traits align with the plots with most berries, longest stem & quantity of shrubs of target species through data organizing. Very basic statistics in R could be used to show if target species traits correlated w/ other traits. Also if literature explained traits I recorded influencing berries per shrub, stem length, or shrub quantity. Also wanted to include local indigenous tribe’s perspective on the edible berry producing shrub species as I’m indigenous myself from the tribe and the shrub’s berries have historically been a source of food for the tribe. So the forest that I sampled the 100 shrubs at is close to the historical and contemporary communities of the tribal people although the forest is currently under US Forest Service (USFS) ownership the USFS wants the tribe to be able to co-manage the forest and have tribal people gather plants there like berries.
– Your analysis must be three pages, APA style, double-spaced, Times New Roman and 12-point font (separate title page and reference page are required and do not count toward the total page length).
– Make sure that you include an introduction.
McKinnon, R. C. (2017). Risk-based, management-led, audit-driven, safety management systems. CRC Press.
International Labour Office-Geneva. (2001). Guidelines on occupational safety and health management systems, ILO-OSH 2001. https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—ed_protect/—protrav/—safework/documents/normativeinstrument/wcms_107727.pdf (pages 1-18 only)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (2015). OSHA safety and health program management Guidelines. https://www.osha.gov/sites/default/files/SHPM_guidelines.pdf (pages 1-22 only)
-Use an energy calculator to determine how much energy your household consumes. Discuss how you could lessen the amount of energy that is consumed. What types of energy are used? Which of the sources are from renewable energy sources?
-What is the impact of using nonrenewable energy?
-Explore your community for evidence of renewable energy sources (wind power, solar power, geothermal, or nuclear). Take pictures of how it is implemented. What are these renewable energy sources doing for your community? (The community will be Elgin, IL 60124 USA)
-Discuss what sources are available and how they could be implemented.