The fundamental values that inform how are democratic government is legitimated

The fundamental values that inform how are democratic government is legitimated and organized are enshrined on the Declaration of Independence and in the Constitution of the United States.
Identify and discuss the basic ideals and principles of American democracy and how they are applied in our republican form of government.
Those ideals and principles are discussed in the first and second chapters of your textbook. You can also visit the following websites to read the original document in which these fundamental values were first stated and how they were later incorporated in the American Constitution:
The Declaration of Independence: http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/document/
The Constitution of the United States: https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs/constitution-transcript
Identify the most important Supreme Court cases and executive actions and their impact on law and on our society.
The history of the United States has been marked by the progressive expansion of voting rights and the protection of its citizens through legislation and Supreme Court decisions. At the same time, executive orders, particularly in periods of crisis led to the violation of individual rights. Throughout this module these issues are covered. In chapters 3 and 4 you will find the information you need to answer this question. You are also encouraged to visit the following websites for further details.
Supreme Court Landmarks – http://www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/educational-resources/supreme-court-landmarks
15 Supreme Court Cases that Changed America – https://www.cnn.com/2012/10/10/justice/landmark-scotus-cases/index.html
Executive Orders – https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/history-of-us-executive-orders/3695242.html
NAACP was instrumental in the landmark case of Brown v Board of Education. Visit the web site to find information on the case that led to desegregation.
http://www.naacp.org

1.  Summarize the role that political parties play in the structure and operatio

1.  Summarize the role that political parties play in the structure and operations of Congress, including their effect on congressional committees.  Then, explain the party situation in each chamber of Congress resulting from the most recent elections.  Be very specific about the Senate, including what it takes for the Democrats to pass a bill along straight party lines and the reason why the Democrats’ ability to pass legislation in the current Senate is limited even when all of the Democrats agree on a bill. 
2.  Besides impeachment (and please be clear, this question is NOT about impeachment), there is another constitutional way that the president can be removed from office against the president’s own will.  What is that procedure, and exactly what is the sequence involved?  (Your answer does not have to include time frames, but it does have to be very specific about the full sequence of who does what.)
3.  Explain why many liberals wish that Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer had retired at the end of the most recent Supreme Court term rather than staying on.  Explain it in a way that would be meaningful to somebody who knows absolutely nothing about the constitutional procedure for replacing federal judges and the current political situation in the three branches of government.  Your answer should include the relevant constitutional provision, the significance of political ideology in Supreme Court selections, the current political situation, and how that situation could change even sooner than expected.
4.  How can the current relationship between the United States and Russia best be described, and how does the current relationship compare and contrast with the relationship during the Cold War years?
5. There is a close link between fiscal federalism and social welfare policy.  Give an example of an existing social welfare program that illustrates this connection, and explain why this program is a good example of fiscal federalism.

1.  Summarize the role that political parties play in the structure and operatio

1.  Summarize the role that political parties play in the structure and operations of Congress, including their effect on congressional committees.  Then, explain the party situation in each chamber of Congress resulting from the most recent elections.  Be very specific about the Senate, including what it takes for the Democrats to pass a bill along straight party lines and the reason why the Democrats’ ability to pass legislation in the current Senate is limited even when all of the Democrats agree on a bill. 
3.  Explain why many liberals wish that Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer had retired at the end of the most recent Supreme Court term rather than staying on.  Explain it in a way that would be meaningful to somebody who knows absolutely nothing about the constitutional procedure for replacing federal judges and the current political situation in the three branches of government.  Your answer should include the relevant constitutional provision, the significance of political ideology in Supreme Court selections, the current political situation, and how that situation could change even sooner than expected.
4.  When the country is in a recession, which political party is more likely to want the federal government to undertake a massive program of spending on construction and infrastructure-building projects to pump money into the economy and create jobs, and what specific economic theory is such action consistent with?  Your answer should identify that economic theory by name and also explain it further.
5.  There is a close link between fiscal federalism and social welfare policy.  Give an example of an existing social welfare program that illustrates this connection, and explain why this program is a good example of fiscal federalism.
7.  How can the current relationship between the United States and Russia best be described, and how does the current relationship compare and contrast with the relationship during the Cold War years?

The term paper should review, analyze, and report on issues, topics, and problem

The term paper should review, analyze, and report on issues, topics, and problems relating to personnel administration, human resources management, and collective bargaining in the local government or nonprofit organizational setting.
Learning Objectives
Identify the function of personnel and the laws around public personnel policies in the government sector.
Discuss ways to improve performance through goal setting and creating realistic expectations for employees.
Instructions
The suggested format for the term paper is as follows:
An introduction to the issue, topic, or problem you are researching.
An introduction to the type of public or nonprofit organization that you selected.
A review of its personnel administration and labor relations processes and practices.
A description of its collective bargaining process.
An overview of related organizational issues and problems.
Shortcomings of personnel administration and labor relations processes and practices.
An answer to the question: Should ethical standards be improved in the organization’s personnel and human resources management process?
Recommendations on ways to improve upon the personnel administration and labor relations processes and practices being examined, including their preparation, approval, implementation, and evaluation practices, based upon what you have read and learned in this course.